This research will map out the occurrence, and distribution of toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins across the seven agro-ecological zones (AEZ) of Nigeria. Data will identify mycotoxin resistant varieties of the crops and non-toxigenic fungal strains for bio-control of fungi producing fumonisins, and ochratoxin A. The study will also determine dietary mycotoxin exposure of selected populations to identify the most vulnerable groups for which intervention will be targeted. The role of botanicals possessing fungicidal and anti-toxin effects will also be explored in the production of antimicrobials for storage of targeted crops. Green chemistry approach using plants with anti-oxidant and hepatoprotective activities will be explored in production of medicinal supplements for protection against the four most toxic mycotoxins found in the survey. Nano-encapsulated feed binders will also be developed against the same toxic mycotoxins. Other expected outcome from this work are; creation of a national database for fungi and mycotoxins contaminating foods and feeds.
Federal University of Technology, Minna, University of Johannesburg, Nigeria Medical Research Council
The focus countries (Uganda, Nigeria, Mali and Ethiopia) of Sasakawa Africa Association (SAA) have included Aflatoxin issues during the training of Trainers and of farmers. SAA is doing extension work in collaboration with Ministry of Agriculture of each country through Direction of Extension.They are sensitizing the Extension Agents/Officers and farmers on the issue during training and by using the AFB1-Screen -Rapid screening test kit for detection of Aflatoxin B1 in grains.
Sasakawa Africa Association, Ministry of Agriculture of Uganda, Nigera, Mali and Ethiopia
The Nigeria Aflasafe™ Pilot focuses on incentivizing the adoption of Aflasafe™, a new biocontrol technology, by smallholder maize farmers. Although several technologies are available to address aflatoxin contamination, biocontrol represent the most promising technology for pilot support because it addresses aflatoxin contamination and is ready for deployment in Nigeria. Using native Aspergillus strains incapable of producing aflatoxin to crowd out aflatoxin-producing strains, Aflasafe™ prevents aflatoxin formation in the field and continues to protect grains from contamination through transport and storage. Extensive field tests of Aflasafe™ in Nigeria have shown an average of 80% reduction in aflatoxin levels in treated crops, and up to 99% reduction in some cases.
AgResults Initiative, Australia/AUSAID, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Canada/Finance Canada, United Kingdom/DFID, United States/USAID, World Bank
To study the prevalence, incidence and reduction of aflatoxin contamination of cocoa beans from 3 ecological zones in Nigeria, collection of samples were made from 3 agroecological zones of Nigeria. Samples were assesed for aflatoxins during harvest, fermentation and storage. The aflatoxin contaminated beans were processed by deshelling and roasting and percentage reduction were detrmined.
Department of Agrobiotechnology (IFA-Tulln), University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU)
The Aflatoxin Proficiency Testing and Control in for Eastern and Central Africa (APTECA) program performs 3rd party verification activities to provide interested parties (i.e. millers, other industry, government agencies) with objective evidence of a laboratory’s capability to produce data that is both accurate and repeatable. The program also provides biannual global Proficiency Testing, working controls samples of known aflatoxin concentration for internal quality control, and the APTECA seal (Aflatoxin tested Process verified by APTECA), which can be used to demonstrate a laboratory’s competence to clients, potential customers, accreditation bodies and other external entities.
Cereal Millers Association in Kenya, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Health, Kenya Bureau of Standards(KEBS), Cereal Growers Association, COMESA, Texas A&M AgriLife Research at the BecA ILRI Hub, Office of the Texas State Chemist, International Food Policy Research Institute
Texas A&M Agrilife Research, Office of the Texas State Chemist
The Partnership for Aflatoxin Control in Africa (PACA), Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture (REA), P.O. Box 3243, Roosevelt Street, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. T: 0115517700 | F: 0115182872 | E:firstname.lastname@example.org